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Cotton in the Old World : Domestication, cultivation, uses and exchange

Revue d’Ethnoécologie [En ligne], 15 | 2019, mis en ligne le 30 juin 2019

https://journals.openedition.org/ethnoecologie/4063

Sous la direction de Charlène Bouchaud et Elsa Yvanez

Today, cotton (Gossypium sp.) is an eloquent symbol of modern globalisation, conjuring images of both a soft material dominating the textile market and social and environmental disasters of global magnitude. Its internationalisation however is not the result of a recent process: the history of cotton and its four domesticated species shows one of the most outstanding examples of the circulation of knowledge, goods and people. Cotton is therefore a perfect case study for Global History, requiring the meeting of different points of view. With this aim in mind, the present volume brings together studies presented during a conference organised in 2017 at the Museum of Natural History in Paris (https://gossypium.sciencesconf.org/). Contributing scholars come from different scientific fields, such as genetic, history, archaeology, archaeobotany, textile studies, anthropology, and linguistics, but all share a common interest in cotton. The papers offer an overview of the available knowledge on the domestication, emergence and diffusion of the cotton plant and its various products – fibres, seeds, oil, and textiles– in the Old World, from Asia to Africa, over the last three millennia.

– Charlène Bouchaud, Elsa Yvanez et John Peter Wild
Tightening the thread from seed to cloth. New enquiries in the archaeology of Old World cotton – A case for inter-disciplinarity
– Christopher Viot
Domestication and varietal diversification of Old World cultivated cottons (Gossypium sp.) in the Antiquity
– Louise Quillien
Dissemination and price of cotton in Mesopotamia during the 1st millennium BCE
– Elsa Yvanez et Magdalena M. Wozniak
 Cotton in ancient Sudan and NubiaArchaeological sources and historical implications
– Fleur Letellier-Willemin
Cotton at el-Deir. First observations on a new textile fibre in the Kharga oasis (Egyptian Western desert, 5th century BCE-5th century CE)

– Orit Shamir
Cotton textiles from the Byzantine period to the Medieval period in ancient Palestine

– Jean-Charles Ducène
The cultivation and uses of cotton in medieval Arab sources

– Lucie Smolderen
Seeds, fibres and bobbins. Memoirs of a textile craft in Dendi, North Benin

– Christian Seignobos
From traditional to colonial cotton: the coup de force of progress in North Cameroon

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